Child and development areas
Children for the offer
A total of 4 children in an age range of 4;5-5 years are scheduled for the offer. This group consists of 2 boys as well as 2 girls and was formed due to overlapping interests. Likewise, care was taken to ensure that the characters of the group were heterogeneous. The children do not have any major conflicts in their everyday life in the daycare center, so that “everyday conflicts” can be avoided in the targeted offer. can lead to new playing partners in the medium term. When selecting the group, it was also important to ensure that the children had a homogeneous level of cognitive development, so that individual children would not be overtaxed or bored, which could lead to a disruption of the program.
Education and development areas according to the orientation plan of Baden-Württemberg
- Children experience interest and joy in communication expand and improve their nonverbal and verbal expression skills
- With another language of origin acquire German as an additional language
- Children are amazed by everyday and natural phenomena and are accompanied and encouraged linguistically
- Children enjoy thinking about things together with others
- Children ask questions of themselves and their environment
- Children reflect on regularities and connections
Goals and approach
The objective of the offer is to impart scientific knowledge on the topic of the moon and the tides. Furthermore, with the use of the Kamishibai, a targeted language promotion is carried out. Here, the areas of pragmatic-communicative competencies and semantics are particularly worth mentioning. Undoubtedly, the offer also touches other educational and developmental areas, which, however, can only be taken into account to a lesser extent due to the offer planning.
This ultimately leads to the following broad and detailed objectives:
- Gross Objective 1 (Language): The children participate linguistically in the story
Fine goal: The children express their ideas & conceptions about the moon
Fine target: The children learn terms like ebb & flow
- Gross Objective 2 (Thinking): The children expand their knowledge on the topic of the moon
Fine target: The children compare the gravitational pull of the earth with that of the moon
- Gross Objective 3 (Thinking): The children expand their knowledge on the topic of high & low tide
Fine target: The children can explain ebb & flow linguistically
Procedure / Sequence
After the morning circle, the children selected to carry out the offer are informed about this. The offer takes place in the identical place. After the rest of the children have left the area, I explain to the participating children what we will now experience together. I then set up the kamishibai appropriately and we sit down together in front of it appropriately. Now we start with the story.
|Content / partial steps||Impulses, questions||Detailed targets / MDP|
|The first picture card is drawn. A moment is waited for the children to think about the picture and then the story about the picture card is read aloud.||Impulse: Do you have any idea what this story will be about?|
|The previous substep is repeated according to the following cards.||Question: Do you also want to be an astronaut one day and fly to the moon?|
Question: Have you ever seen ebb & flow?
Principle of the exercise
|Towards the end of the last card, the kamishibai remains open to avoid distracting and “reorienting” the children. Reference is made again to the story and questions are asked about it.||Question: Did you like the story of Max and Sophie?|
Question: Do you have any idea when they will fly out again?
|The children are praised for their cooperation.||Impulse: I really loved your ideas. Now we have learned a lot about space together.|
|Together we go back upstairs with the children to the group room.|
Storytelling theater Kamishibai
The Kamishibai is a static theater originating in Japan with optional locking hinged doors. It is divided into the words kami (paper) as well as shibai (theater). The origins go back to Buddhist wandering monks, the so-called Etoki-Hoshi, of the 12th century. These used the scrolls in combination with pictures to make the content more relatable to the people, as many people were illiterate at the time.
Especially with kamishibai, emotions and feelings are a very important aspect. This is because kamishibai is designed to be felt and experienced together. This is called Kyo- kan in Japan. The second important point of view is the Japanese “Ma”. It is seen in Japan as a temporal void or pause. Reduced to kamishibai, it means that the transitions between the kamishibai cards provide a space for the children’s own feelings and emotions. Especially the traditional Kamishibai cards are illustratively restrained and thus offer the Japanese “concept” Ma even during the viewing.
However, it was not used in the form of a theater performed in public until the 20th century, more precisely around 1930. This was triggered by the so-called Gaito Kamishibaiya. These storytellers often traveled from town to town on bicycles to tell their stories to children and generate financial income from the candy they sold. At that time, the children were informed of the presence of a Gaito Kamishibaiya by means of so-called Hyóshigi (sounding woods) and thereupon found themselves at his place. In the same period, parallel to the Gaito Kamishibai, the Kyöiku Kamishibai, used in education and introduced by kindergarten teachers, developed.
At that time, the size 38.0 cm x 26.3 cm was used. However, this format no longer corresponds to today’s. Nowadays, the most commonly used size is 29.7 cm x 42.00 cm, also known as DIN A3.
In comparison with other picture books, it is noticeable that reciting with a kamishibai has certain advantages. The picture area is a larger than in a classic picture book, so the effect on children is different. Likewise, the theater-like presentation with frame, double doors and curtain card is usually inviting and arouses children’s curiosity. With a kamishibai, several children can sit comfortably in front of it. However, the biggest advantage of the kamishibai is the sitting position of the narrator. Since he sits behind the kamishibai, he can constantly interact with the group of children and thus respond individually to the children’s questions and reactions. With older children can create their own picture cards and stories.
Disadvantages are especially the increased space requirements and the purchase of the story box. Facilities must also acquire the content in the appropriate format. Likewise, a larger group is needed for the kamishibai, as one or two children get lost in front of it. In such cases, recourse to picture books is preferable.
Due to its origin and worldwide distribution as well as its application, the Kamishibai can undoubtedly be called an intercultural information medium.
For a more in-depth factual analysis on the topic of kamishibai, see the elaboration Philosophizing with children on the topic of friendship.
Space | Moon | Ebb & Flow
Space and the planets have always had an attraction for us humans. The ebb and flow of the tide is a regularly recurring event that causes a standing body of water to flow. In this process, water flows in and out within a time frame determined by physics. In Germany, the ebb and flow of the North Sea is worth mentioning here.
The ebb and flow of the North Sea occurs in a time frame of 12 hours and 25 minutes. Here, a change in water height of up to 20 meters takes place. The trigger for this is the moon.
The following materials are needed for the offer implementation:
- Kamishibai (Modern style: A3)
- Stool for the Kamishibai
- Picture cards “Max and his journey into space”.
- Text from the story to the picture cards
- Seat cushion for children
Kamishibai story Max and his journey into space
Sophie and Max are at home in their children’s room, looking out the window at the sky together. It is already dark and Max notices that the sky is no longer blue at all. Max suddenly also recognizes many white dots and a bright, round circle in the sky. Sophie looks enthusiastically at Max and says: “The white are the stars and the bright round circle is Mrs. Moon. And all the black around the outside is all space!”. Max looks at Sophie in fascination and asks, “What exactly does that mean? Mrs. Moon; outer space”? I know the ground and the sea. In the same way, I know about the sky because it is so powerfully blue.
Sophie is happy about Max’s questions and says, “It’s not all that hard. Come on, give me your two hands Max, I’ll take you on a journey to Mrs. Moon and the stars”. Max looks excitedly at Sophie and gives her his hands. Both now hold each other very tightly and stand together at the window. The radiant white circle in the black sky lights up both of them.
Now we have to close our eyes, Sophie says. Max looks briefly at Sophie again and says, “Okay, I’m already quite curious. Both close their eyes and bang, a bright flash appears. So bright that you can no longer see Max and Sophie.
After the bright flash, Max and Sophie are suddenly no longer at home in the nursery. Wow, Sophie, look. Your spell worked. This is our favorite meadow with the fallen tree. We always climb on it. Sophie laughs and says: “Super or”?! Come and sit next to me on our tree trunk. I would like to introduce you to Mrs. Moon. Sophie points with her hand in the direction of the bright wise circle in the sky.
The white circle is Mrs. Moon and she accompanies us day and night. Unfortunately, we can often see them only at night, when it is dark. But sometimes she smiles down at us during the day. But then we have to look very carefully in the sky to find them.
Max is very excited and asks Sophie: “That’s exciting. How do you know all this?! Can you explain to me what Mrs. Moon does up there all day?! Sophie looks at Max and takes his hands again. She says: come with me, I’ll just introduce you to Mrs. Moon in person. It’s pretty exciting up there.
Sophie and Max close their eyes again and Max already knows what is going to happen … Zack, a bright flash appears and both are out of sight.
After Max and Sophie open their eyes again, Max is amazed. After all, we are sitting on a rocket. Look Sophie says Max, we have a helmet and a suit on. Why do we wear these things? Sophie says to Max: Unfortunately, there is no air to breathe in space and it is also very cold here. The suit keeps us warm and the helmet gives us air to breathe, like a diver under water.
Finally I get to sit on such a huge thing,” says Max and suddenly his eyes get really big. This is just like my airplane from our nursery. The trip is getting more and more awesome. I’m having a lot of fun with that. Max is happy about both ears. Sophie sits directly in front of Max and turns to face him. The rocket is really quite fast, Sophie says. But you are right. It’s a lot of fun. At this rate, we’ll soon be at Mrs. Moon’s place.
The rocket suddenly stops burning and steadily slowed down. Sophie turned to Max and says: Look, here is Mrs. Moon. I hope we don’t disturb them. Because Mrs. Moon has quite a lot to do up here! What do you mean, Sophie? Max asks curiously. What is Mrs. Moon doing here in cold space every day? Does it show the way to the stars?
No, not quite, says Sophie. Ms. Moon orbits around our Earth, on which we live. So it makes sure that we have ebb and flow. This means that the water is gone at our place on the North Sea and we can play on the sea. Only after six hours does the water suddenly come back and rise all the way up. Almost like magic!
Wow, that’s great. I’ve heard of ebb and flow before, says Max. But I didn’t know that Mrs. Moon was doing that for us. Hopefully Mrs. Moon will have time for us.
Suddenly, a bright flash shines above the rocket and neither Max nor Sophie can see anything. Sophie laughs and says quite loudly: Yay, Mrs. Moon is here. We’ll be with you in a minute Max! Max then laughs too and he shouted loudly back to Sophie: “now we land”!
Max and Sophie have landed on the moon. Even before the rocket comes to a stop, Max hops out to explore the moon. Look, Sophie: I can almost float and jump really high. Much higher than on earth. Sophie looks happy and says to Max: Today you almost jumped to earth. Both then look at each other and start laughing.
Now Sophie also hops to Max and picks up a small stone. This is moon rock. It’s almost like being on Earth. Only water and other building materials are missing. Unfortunately, there is no such thing here at Mrs. Moon. Yes, Max said in response: So far I have only seen stones and sand. But that’s not bad at all, Sophie calls out loudly, for that the stones here have other building materials again, they simply replace the water.
Have you seen our planet yet, Max? This big and blue planet is our earth. This is actually where we live, Sophie said, giggling. Max looks at the earth in amazement. But Sophie, almost everything is blue? Are you sure about that? Of course, Sophie says. The blue is the water on our earth. In it we can bathe, splash ourselves wet and go boating. And sometimes, there is no water left at our North Sea, because Mrs. Moon takes care of the low tide. Only after six hours does Mrs. Moon allow the water to return. Oh that’s right, you explained that to me earlier. Ebb and flow repeats Max proudly!
Mrs. Moon suddenly whispered very softly to the two: Hey you two, look at the clock. It’s time for the return flight to Earth. You don’t want to miss breakfast. They both startled and looked at each other. Oh dear, said Sophie. Mrs. Moon, you are right. Come on Max, let’s get in our rocket quickly. Both wave to Mrs. Moon again and call out full force: “Goodbye Mrs. Moon”. Max then presses the red button in the rocket and it takes off at an insane speed. On the monitor was set: Target -> Earth.
On the flight back to Earth, Sophie looks at Mrs. Moon again and waves to her. Max, the little rascal, has received a small gift from Mrs. Moon and has so far hidden it in his spacesuit. He proudly pulls it out of the suit and lifts it up as high as he can. Look here, Sophie said Max, Mrs. Moon has given me a stone. Wow, he’s really glowing, Sophie says to Max.
But now we have to close our eyes again, as at the beginning Sophie calls out loudly. Max looks at Sophie and says: “Too bad it’s already over. I would have loved to visit Mars or the sun!
On our next trip, we can gladly travel to Mr. Mars sometime, Sophie says back to Max.
I’m sure he’ll be happy to see us. Sophie grinned and closed her eyes. Max also closes his eyes now and bang, a bright and strong flash appears. This time much brighter, so that neither the space shuttle nor Max and Sophie could be seen.
In the morning Max and Sophie arrived back home. Together they play in their nursery. Just as if the two of them had just been in their beds all night dreaming. But Max and Sophie look at each other. Both know that they spent the night in space and visiting Mrs. Moon. Because Max proudly shows Sophie the brightly shining moonstone. Both look at this beautiful stone quite happily and proudly.
This moonstone reminds us of the great adventure, Max says. Sophie nods and looks at the little rabbit on the floor. All three know that the next trip to Mr. Mars is surely only a few nights or dreams away.
Goetz, S. (2022). Max and his journey into space. A kamishibai story for world explorers. ISSN: 2748-2979. Accessed 02/22/2022. Available at: https://krippenzeit.de/kamishibai-max-und-seine-reise-ins-weltall/