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Max and his journey into space

An exciting journey with the Kamishibai into space and to the moon, in which the cause of the ebb and flow is conveyed in a childlike way.

Children and development areas

children for the offer

A total of 4 children in an age range of 4;5-5 years are planned for the offer. This group consists of 2 boys and 2 girls and was put together because of the overlapping interests. Care was also taken to ensure that the characters in the group are heterogeneous. The children do not have any major conflicts in everyday daycare, so that “everyday conflicts” can be avoided with targeted offers. can lead to new playing partners in the medium term. When selecting the group, attention was also paid to a homogeneous level of cognitive development of the children, so that excessive demands or boredom of individual children and a possible disruption of the offer is prevented in advance.

Education and development areas according to the orientation plan


  • Children experience interest and joy in communication, expand and improve their non-verbal and verbal expression skills
  • With a different language of origin acquire German as an additional language


  • Children marvel at everyday and natural phenomena and are accompanied and encouraged by language
  • Children enjoy thinking about things with others
  • Children ask themselves and their environment questions
  • Children reflect on regularities and connections

Goals and Approach

Pedagogical objective

The aim of the offer is to impart scientific knowledge on the subject of the moon and the ebb and flow. Furthermore, a targeted language promotion is carried out using the Kamishibai. The areas of pragmatic-communicative competences and those of semantics should be mentioned in particular. Without a doubt, the offer also affects other areas of education and development, which, however, can only be taken into account to a limited extent due to the planning of the offer.

Ultimately, the following rough and fine goals can be extracted from this:

  • Rough goal 1 (language) : The children take part in the story through language

Final goal: The children express their ideas about the moon

Fine goal: The children learn terms such as ebb and flow

  • Rough goal 2 (thinking) : The children expand their knowledge of the moon

Final goal: The children compare the gravitational pull of the earth with that of the moon

  • Rough goal 3 (thinking) : The children expand their knowledge of the ebb and flow

Fine goal: The children can use language to explain the ebb and flow

Procedure / process

After the morning circle, the children selected to carry out the offer are informed about this. The offer takes place at the same place. After the remaining children have left the area, I explain to the participating children what we will now experience together. I then set up the Kamishibai appropriately and we sit in front of it together. Now let’s start the story.

Methodical and didactic planning

Content / sub-stepsImpulses, questionsFine targets / MDP
The first face card is drawn. Wait a moment for the children to think about the picture and then read the story about the picture card.Impulse: Do you have any idea what this story will be about?
The previous sub-step is repeated according to the following cards.Question: Do you also want to become an astronaut and fly to the moon?

Question: Have you ever seen Ebbe & Flut?
Principle of activity

Principle of exercise
Towards the end of the last card, the Kamishibai remains open to avoid distraction and “reorientation” of the children. Reference is made to the story again and questions are asked about it.Question: Did you like the story of Max and Sophie?

Question: Do you have an idea when the two will take off again?
Principle of activity
The children are praised for their participation.Impulse: I found your ideas really great. Now we have learned a lot about space together.
Together we go back upstairs to the group room with the children.
Methodical-didactic planning for the Kamishibai story

Factual analysis

Kamishibai Narrative Theater

The Kamishibai is a static theater from Japan with optionally lockable double doors. It is divided into the words Kami (paper) and Shibai (theater). The origins go back to Buddhist wandering monks, the so-called Etoki-Hoshi, of the 12th century. They used the scrolls in combination with pictures to make the content easier to convey to people, as many people were illiterate at the time.

Especially with Kamishibai, emotions and feelings are a very important aspect. Because the Kamishibai is designed for a common feeling and experience. This is called Kyokan in Japan. The second important aspect is the Japanese “Ma”. In Japan it is seen as a temporal void or pause. Reduced to the Kamishibai, it means that the transitions between the Kamishibai cards offer space for one’s own feelings and emotions. The traditional Kamishibai cards in particular are illustratively cautious and thus offer the Japanese “concept” Ma even while looking at them.

However, it was not used in the form of a public theater until the 20th century, more precisely around the year 1930. The trigger for this were the so-called Gaito Kamishibaiya. These storytellers often traveled from town to town by bike in order to be able to tell their stories to the children and to generate financial income from the sweets they sold. At that time the children were informed about the presence of a Gaito Kamishibaiya by means of so-called Hyóshigi (sound woods) and then came to see him. During the same period, the Kyöiku Kamishibai, used in education and introduced by kindergarten teachers, developed parallel to the Gaito Kamishibai.

At that time, the 38.0 cm x 26.3 cm size was used. However, this format no longer corresponds to the current one. Nowadays the size 29.7 cm x 42.00 cm, also known as DIN A3, is mostly used.

Compared to other picture books, it is noticeable that speaking with a Kamishibai has certain advantages. The picture area is larger than in a classic picture book, so the effect on the children is different. The theater-like presentation with frame, double doors and curtain card is usually inviting and arouses the children’s curiosity. With a Kamishibai, several children can comfortably sit in front of it. However, the greatest advantage of the Kamishibai is the narrator’s sitting position. Since he is sitting behind the Kamishibai, he can constantly interact with the children’s group and thus respond individually to the children’s questions and reactions. You can create your own picture cards and stories with older children.

Disadvantages are in particular the increased space requirement and the purchase of the story box. The institutions must also acquire the content in the appropriate format. A larger group is also required for the Kamishibai, as one or two children lose themselves in front of it. In such cases, it is better to use picture books.

Due to its origin and worldwide distribution as well as its application, the Kamishibai can undoubtedly be described as an intercultural information medium.

You can find a deeper factual analysis on the subject of Kamishibai under the elaboration Philosophizing with children on the subject of friendship .

outer space | moon | Ebb tide

Space and the planets have always had an attraction for us humans. The ebb and flow is a regularly recurring event in which there is a flow movement of a body of water. Here, the water flows out and flows in within a physically specified time frame. In Germany, the ebb and flow of the North Sea should be mentioned here.

The ebb and flow of the North Sea takes place in a time frame of 12 hours and 25 minutes. A change in the water level of up to 20 meters takes place here. The trigger for this is the moon.


The following materials are required for the execution of the offer:

  • Kamishibai (Modern Art: A3)
  • Stool for the Kamishibai
  • Max and his journey into space picture cards
  • Text from the story to the picture cards
  • Seat cushions for children
  • Hyóshigi

Kamishibai story Max and his journey into space

card 1

An exciting journey with the Kamishibai into space and to the moon, in which the cause of the ebb and flow is conveyed in a childlike way.
Max and Sophie look out the window towards the moon together.

Sophie and Max are at home in their children’s room and look out the window at the sky together. It’s already dark and Max notices that the sky is no longer blue. Suddenly Max also recognizes many white dots and a bright, round circle in the sky. Sophie looks enthusiastically at Max and says: “The white ones are the stars and the bright round circle is Mrs. Moon. And all the black around is all space!”. Max looks at Sophie in fascination and asks: “What exactly does that mean? Mrs. Moon; the space”? I know the ground and the sea. I also know about the sky because it’s so intensely blue.

Sophie is happy about Max’s questions and says: “It’s not all that difficult. Come, give me your two hands Max, I’ll take you on a journey to Mrs. Moon and the stars”. Max looks intently at Sophie and gives her his hands. Both of them now hold on tight and stand together at the window. The brilliant white circle in the black sky illuminates both.

Now we have to close our eyes, says Sophie. Max looks at Sophie again and says: Okay, I’m really curious. Both close their eyes and bang, a bright flash appears. So bright that you can no longer see Max and Sophie.

card 2

Max and Sophie sit on a fallen tree trunk at night and look at the moon.
Max and Sophie sit on a fallen tree trunk at night and look at the moon.

After the bright flash, Max and Sophie are suddenly no longer at home in the children’s room. Wow, Sophie, look. Your magic worked. This is our favorite meadow with the fallen tree. We always climb that. Sophie laughs and says: “Great, isn’t it”?! Come and sit next to me on our tree trunk. I would like to introduce you to Mrs. Moon. Sophie points her hand towards the bright white circle in the sky.

The white circle is Mrs. Moon and she accompanies us day and night. Unfortunately, we can often only see them at night when it is dark. But sometimes she smiles down at us during the day too. But then we have to look very closely at the sky to find them.

Max is very enthusiastic and asks Sophie: That’s exciting. How do you know all that?! Can you explain to me what Mrs. Moon does up there all day?! Sophie looks at Max and takes his hands again. She says: come with me, I’ll just introduce you to Ms. Moon personally. It’s pretty exciting up there.

Sophie and Max close their eyes again and Max already knows what’s going to happen… Zack, a bright flash appears and both of them are no longer to be seen.

card 3

Max and Sophie are sitting on a rocket flying through space. The goal is the moon.

After Max and Sophie open their eyes again, Max is amazed. We’re sitting on a rocket. Look, Sophie says to Max, we’re wearing a helmet and a suit. Why are we wearing these things? Sophie says to Max: Unfortunately, there is no air to breathe in space and it is also very cold here. The suit keeps us warm and the helmet gives us air to breathe, like a diver underwater.

I can finally sit on such a huge thing, says Max, and suddenly his eyes widen. It’s like my airplane from our children’s room. The journey just keeps getting better. I really enjoy that. Max is delighted with both ears. Sophie sits directly in front of Max and turns to him. The rocket is really quite fast, says Sophie. But you are right. It’s veeery fun. At this rate, we’ll soon be at Ms. Moon.

card 4

Mrs. Moon welcomes Max and Sophie on the rocket and Max learns about the ebb and flow.

The rocket suddenly stopped burning and steadily slowed down. Sophie turned to Max and says: Look, this is Mrs. Moon. I hope we won’t disturb you. Because Mrs. Moon has a lot to do up here! What do you mean Sophie; asks Max curiously? What does Mrs. Moon do every day here in the cold space? Does she show the stars the way?

No, not quite, says Sophie. Mrs. Moon circles around our earth on which we live. So it ensures that we have ebb and flow. This means that the water is gone at the North Sea and we can play on the sea. Only after six hours does the water suddenly come back and rise very high. Almost like magic!

Wow, that’s great. I’ve heard of the ebb and flow before, says Max. But I didn’t know that Mrs. Mond did that for us. I hope Ms. Mond has time for us.

Suddenly there is a bright flash above the rocket and neither Max nor Sophie can see anything. Sophie laughs and says very loudly: Yay, Mrs. Moon is here. We’ll be right at your Max! Max then laughs too and he shouts back loudly to Sophie: “Now we’re landing”!

card 5

Max and Sophie explore the moon. Max hops very high and has fun with the low gravity.

Max and Sophie have landed on the moon. Even before the rocket comes to a stop, Max hops out to explore the moon. Look, Sophie: I can almost hover and jump really high. Much higher than on Earth. Sophie looks happy and says to Max: Today you almost jumped to the ground. They both look at each other and start laughing.

Now Sophie jumps over to Max and picks up a small stone. This is moon rock. It’s almost like Earth. Only water and other building materials are missing. Unfortunately, that is not the case here at Ms. Mond. Yes, said Max: So far I’ve only seen stones and sand. But that’s not so bad, Sophie exclaims loudly, but the stones here have other building materials, they simply replace the water.

Have you seen our planet yet, Max? This big and blue planet is our earth. This is actually where we live, said Sophie, giggling. Max looks at the ground in astonishment. But Sophie, almost everything is blue there? Are you sure? Of course Sophie says. The blue is the water on our earth. In it we can swim, splash ourselves and take a boat ride. And sometimes there is no more water on our North Sea because Mrs. Moon is responsible for the low tide. Only after six hours does Mrs. Moon let the water come back. Oh yes, you explained that to me earlier. Max proudly repeats the ebb and flow!

Suddenly Mrs. Moon whispered very softly to the two: Hey you two, look at the clock. It’s time to return to Earth. You don’t want to miss breakfast. Both startled and looked at each other. Oh dear, said Sophie. Miss Moon, you are right. Come on Max, let’s get on our rocket quickly. They both wave to Mrs. Moon again and call out with all their might: “Goodbye, Mrs. Moon”. Max then presses the red button on the rocket and it takes off at breakneck speed. The monitor was set: Target -> Earth.

card 6

Max and Sophie are on their way back to Earth. Max was given a moonstone.

On the return flight to Earth, Sophie looks at Mrs. Moon again and waves to her. Max, the little rascal, has received a small gift from Mrs. Moon and has hidden it in his space suit up until now. He proudly pulls it out of his suit and lifts it up as high as he can. Look here, Sophie said to Max, Mrs. Moon gave me a stone. Wow, he’s really beaming, says Sophie to Max.

But now we have to close our eyes again, as at the beginning, Sophie calls loudly. Max looks at Sophie and says: It’s too bad it’s already over. I would have loved to visit Mars or the Sun!

On our next trip, we’d be happy to visit Mr. Mars, Sophie says back to Max.

I’m sure he’s looking forward to our visit. Sophie grinned and closed her eyes. Max now closes his eyes too and bang, a bright and strong flash appears. Much brighter this time, so you couldn’t see the space shuttle or Max and Sophie.

card 7

Max proudly shows Sophie the radiant moonstone.

Max and Sophie arrived back home in the morning. They play together in their children’s room. It was as if the two of them had just been in their beds dreaming all night. But Max and Sophie look at each other. Both know that they were in space that night and visited Mrs. Moon. Because Max proudly shows Sophie the brightly shining moonstone. They both look at this beautiful stone very happily and proudly.

This moonstone reminds us of the great adventure, says Max. Sophie nods and looks at the little rabbit on the floor. All three know that the next journey to Mr. Mars is sure to be only a few nights or dreams away.

citation suggestion

Götz, S. (2022). Max and his journey into space. A Kamishibai story for world explorers. ISSN: 2748-2979. Accessed 02/22/2022. Available at: https://krippenzeit.de/kamishibai-max-und-seine-reise-ins-weltall/

Sebastian Götz
Sebastian Götzhttps://krippenzeit.de
"Ich lerne für den besten Job der Welt und möchte euch hier auf Krippenzeit daran teilhaben lassen."
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