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Language development in U3 children

Language development in the child

Language development in children is something very special. The toddler age is accompanied by many developmental steps. However, language development accompanies us for a lifetime. Even in adulthood, we still learn words and constantly expand our vocabulary. We communicate with other people through language. Thus, language development is a very important process for children. It is often more difficult for children in kindergarten when they have a speech impediment. If they receive language training, social problems usually resolve themselves with them.

Language development U3

Language development begins shortly after birth. It is divided into individual areas. These can also overlap and are individual for each child. The figures are only an approximate guide.

  • 0-6 months: screaming phase
  • 2-12 months: Lall phase
  • 12-18 months: age of one-word sentence
  • 18-24 months: vocabulary explosion
  • 24-30 months: two to three word sentences
  • from 30 months: age of questions, multi-word sentences

The prerequisites for good language development

In order for a child to be able to go through the individual phases of language development, it needs care and love. Language doesn’t develop on its own. Children learn from role models. That is why it is extremely important that you already deal with babies and toddlers. A mere provision of basic needs is not enough for the baby to learn to speak. The first building blocks for the language can already be set in the writing phase.

If a baby’s crying is responded to quickly and appropriately, it will learn to trust the world. It notices that someone reacts when it “speaks”. Because crying is a baby’s language. With the babbling phase, the baby learns the first sounds. One can increase the joy of his language attempts by answering him. Reading aloud, singing and telling stories promotes language development in babies and toddlers.

The milestones in language development

While language development in the u3 age only progresses slowly, there is a so-called vocabulary explosion in the second year of life. This is the name given to the step when the toddler has exceeded the limit of 50 words and is now learning two to three new words every day. The child begins to string the words together and form sentences that do not always make sense to us. If you want to count a child’s vocabulary, the child’s own creations can also be counted. For example, the words “wau wau” for dog and “Nune” for noodle count just as much as ball and mom.

Milestones in language development mean the most important steps in learning to speak. The body parts that the child needs to speak develop in the womb. Hearing develops up to the fifth month of pregnancy and is fully functional at birth. Therefore, babies recognize the voice of the mother and sometimes even the voice of the father after they are born. The first major milestone is crying out after childbirth. The baby expresses itself for the first time. Parents can therefore react to the baby’s utterances from birth. Even if the baby looks as if it doesn’t understand anything in the first few months, parents should still talk to them a lot. During the first year of life, the baby reaches the second milestone. It begins to babble and babble the first strings of letters. These chains are practiced extensively in the first year of life. Especially when the baby gets an answer.

Between the ninth month and the first year of life you hear the long-awaited first word from the baby. Most of the time it’s “mom”, “dad” or “there”. It is seldom another word. Interestingly, running – and learning to speak are in competition with each other. Babies who say their first words very early walk significantly later than toddlers who start speaking late. These run earlier for this. As soon as the first few words have bubbled out of the little mouth, the child is unlikely to stop speaking. After all, everyone is happy when the first words are heard and stimulates the child to learn even more words. In addition, the toddler quickly realizes that they can achieve new things with language. It no longer has to scream when it is hungry, but can express it with “Mjam mjam”. It is not for nothing that “Hoch”, “haben”, “Da”, and “Mit” are among the first words in the second year of life.

Towards the end of the second year of life, the child will again face major milestones in language development. It learns new words every day and starts to create multi-word sentences from them. Many children now also come to the famous question age and thus present their parents with many a challenge. The child will now practice speaking up to their third birthday. It also learns to pronounce difficult consonants and to form more complex sentences.

Language development in multilingual children

Many children do not grow up with just one language. More and more children are learning two or even more languages at the same time. The good thing is that it is much easier for children to learn a foreign language than adults.

Thus, language development in multilingual children is usually not a problem at all. They automatically save the different languages in the brain and can call them up later as required. However, it is confusing for multilingual children when one person speaks to them in several languages. So if the mother speaks English and the father German, the father shouldn’t suddenly speak English to the child. Especially since he would probably make a lot of mistakes in the foreign language and thus not help the child any further. Likewise, educators in day-care centers should not try to repeat the family’s language of origin. The child gets to know and speak the new language within a very short time.

Interestingly, children who grow up multilingual often speak a little later than children who grow up with only one language. However, this is usually not because they are delayed in their development, but rather because they calmly save the languages. They then usually speak very suddenly and so often arouse amazement at how well they can actually speak. It is also quite normal for you to confuse some of the languages with one another from time to time. The same applies to multilingual children as to monolinguals that they learn more of the language if they have a role model for it. Someone who talks to them a lot, reads and sings.

Sebastian Götz
Sebastian Götzhttps://krippenzeit.de
"Ich lerne für den besten Job der Welt und möchte euch hier auf Krippenzeit daran teilhaben lassen."
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